Work , Energy and Power (Quick Recap)

1. Work done by a constant force = F.S=FS cosθ
2. Work done by a variable force = ∫F.dS
3. If force acting on the body is along the direction of displacement of the body then work done can be calculated by calculating the area enclosed between F-S curve and displacement axis.
4. Work done by conservative forces like gravitational and electrostatic forces does not depend on the path taken by the particle and only depends on the initial and final positions of the particles.
5. Work done by non conservative forces like frictional forces are path dependent.
6. Power is the rate of doing work.
       Average power = ΔW/Δt
       Instantaneous power = dW/dt = F.v
7. Slope of W vs t graph gives the power of the system and area between the P vs t curve and time axis gives work done by the system.
8. Kinetic energy = (1/2)mv2
9. Gravitational potential energy = mgh where m is the mass of the object, g is acceleration due to gravity and h is the hight of object above the referance level. PE of the object is positive when object is above the refrence level and negative when it is below the refrence level.
10. An object posess kinetic energy by virtue of its motion and it posess potential energy by virtue of its position.
11. Elastic energy of a spring is given by (1/2)kx2 where k is the elastic constant for the spring.
12. Work energy theorem states that
13. Law of conservation of energy states that " Total energy of the system always remains constant provided no external work is being done and energy of the system is not being converted to other forms of energy". Hence Energy can never be created or destroyed it can only be converted from one form of energy to another.

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