- A dielectric is an insulating material in which all nuclei are tightly bound to the nuclei of the atom.
- There are no free electrons in a dielectric material so they can not carry current.
- Electric conductivity of a dielectric material is very low and that of an ideal dielectric is zero.
- Some examples of dielectric materials are glass, plastic, mica, oil etc.
- Dielectric constant of a material is the ratio of the capacitance of the capacitor completely filled with the material to the capacitance of the same capacitor in the vacuum i.e. dielectric constant K=C/C0.
- If the space between a capacitor is filled with a dielectric material capacitance of the capacitor increases.
- The value of dielectric constant K is independent of the shape and size of the capacitor and its value is different for different insulating materials.
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