Comparison between Coulomb’s laws and Biot Savart laws

1. Both the electric and magnetic field depends inversely on square of distance between the source and field point .Both of them are long range forces


2. Charge element dq producing electric field is a scalar whereas the current element Idl is a vector quantity having direction same as that of flow of current

3. According to coulomb’s law ,the magnitude of electric field at any point P depends only on the distance of the charge element from any point P .According to Biot savart law ,the direction of magnetic field is perpendicular to the current element as well as to the line joining the current element to the point P

4. Both electric field and magnetic field are proportional to the source strength namely charge and current element respectively. This linearity makes it simple to find the field due to more complicated distribution of charge and current by superposing those due to elementary changes and current elements

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