1.Fundamentals of Physics by Resnick Haliday:
It is a nice book having good problems.A good no of checkpoint are there to make you aware of the concept.
Download
2. Feynmann Lectures on Physics:
It is a nice book to prepare for olymiads Physics.The lectures in the book are very good.
Download
3. Irodov Problems in Physics
Download
4. Irodov Solutions I and II
Download
Download
5. Benjamin Crowell Books for Physics
Newtonian Mechanics
Conservation Laws
Vibration and Waves
Electricity and Magnetism
This blog is a platform of Physics/maths/science for Engineering and Medical entrance examination like IITJEE,AIEEE,CBSE board exams.
IITJEE Papers ,Pattern Analysis And old Physics paper
Question Papers
There will be two question papers of three hours duration, each consisting of separate sections in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. Questions in these papers will be of objective type, which are to be answered on a specially designed machinegradable sheet using HB pencils only. Incorrect answers will be awarded negative marks.
Language of Question Papers
Candidates can opt for Question Papers either in English or in Hindi. The option should be exercised while filling the application form. The option cannot be changed at any later stage.
Formats of papers
The two papers had three different parts each, for physics, chemistry and mathematics respectively.
Each part had four sections. They had the following types of questions:
Straight objective type with One answer
These are multiple choice question pattern with one correct option. The questions are elementary and basic concepts are required to solve the question.. find the answer and pick that from among the choices.
Straight objective type with one or more answer
These are multiple choice question pattern with one or more correct option. The questions are elementary and basic concepts are required to solve the question.. find the answer and pick that from among the choices.
Assertion  reasoning type.
These are bit tough question.This test the real links between the concepts.
Basically Two statements will be there.One statement will be assertion and One will the reason.You will have to tell the link between them ,followings options will be there
a) Statement I is true ,statement II is true ,statement II is correct explanation for statement I
b) Statement I is true ,statement II is true ,statement II is not a correct explanation for statement I
c) Statement I is true,Statement II is false
d) Statement I is False,Statement II is True
You have to chosse the correct one.These questions test the ability to link two diffrent statement.
Linked comprehension type.
The three questions that followed a small problem description had to be solved on the basis of the given information. It is basically similar long question asked earliar.Basically they have made it in objective pattern.
The student will need to read the paragraph and apply the knowlegde in the subject to solve the question
Matrix  match type.
These are column based question.You will need to read the item in column I and related it to the items in Column II.There may be two answer in Column II.
Questions in Physics come from all the modules.But there are some module which are easiar to attempt.
Topics which are scoring and should be cover first in Physics
Thermodynamics
Conduction and Convection of Heat
Hydrostatics and Bernoulli's Principle
Waves in Elastic Media
Interference Beats and Doppler's Effect
Electrostatics (full)
Electromagnetic Induction
Lorentz' Forces
Circuits with Capacitors
Modern Physics (full)
Collisions
Rotational Motion
Gravitation
Elasticity.
IITJEE 2008 Physics analysis
Mechanics
Error analysis:1 Straight objective type with One answer,
Gravitation:1 Straight objective type with One answer,2 Assertion Reason questions
Momentum:1 Straight objective type with One or more answer
Collision: Linked Comphrehension Type
Rotational Mechanics: 2 Assertion Reason questions
Fliud Mechanics:1 Assertion Reason questions
Electricty And Magnetism
Electricstatics:1 Linked Comphrehension Type
Magnetic Field:1 Straight objective type with One or more answer
Current Electricity:1 Straight objective type,1 Assertion Reason questions
Modern Physics
X rays:1 Straight objective type.
Binding Energy of Nuclie:2 Straight objective type with One or more answer
Bohr Model:1 Linked Comphrehension Type
Thermodyanamics And Properties of matter
Ideal gas laws:1 Straight objective type.
Properties of matter:1 Linked Comphrehension Type
Optics:1 Straight objective type with One answer,1 Straight objective type with One or more answer
IITJEE solutions for Physics Previous Papers
IITJEE 2008 Physics Part 1
IITJEE 2008 Physics Part 2
IITJEE 2007 Physics Part 1
IITJEE 2007 Physics Part 2
IITJEE 2006 Physics
IITJEE 2005 Physics
IITJEE 2004 Physics
IITJEE 2003 Physics
IITJEE 2002 Physics
IITJEE 2001 Physics
AIEEE solutions for Physics Previous paper
AIEEE 2008 Physics
AIEEE 2007 Physics
AIEEE 2006 Physics
AIEEE 2005 Physics
AIEEE 2004 Physics
AIEEE 2003 Physics
There will be two question papers of three hours duration, each consisting of separate sections in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. Questions in these papers will be of objective type, which are to be answered on a specially designed machinegradable sheet using HB pencils only. Incorrect answers will be awarded negative marks.
Language of Question Papers
Candidates can opt for Question Papers either in English or in Hindi. The option should be exercised while filling the application form. The option cannot be changed at any later stage.
Formats of papers
The two papers had three different parts each, for physics, chemistry and mathematics respectively.
Each part had four sections. They had the following types of questions:
Straight objective type with One answer
These are multiple choice question pattern with one correct option. The questions are elementary and basic concepts are required to solve the question.. find the answer and pick that from among the choices.
Straight objective type with one or more answer
These are multiple choice question pattern with one or more correct option. The questions are elementary and basic concepts are required to solve the question.. find the answer and pick that from among the choices.
Assertion  reasoning type.
These are bit tough question.This test the real links between the concepts.
Basically Two statements will be there.One statement will be assertion and One will the reason.You will have to tell the link between them ,followings options will be there
a) Statement I is true ,statement II is true ,statement II is correct explanation for statement I
b) Statement I is true ,statement II is true ,statement II is not a correct explanation for statement I
c) Statement I is true,Statement II is false
d) Statement I is False,Statement II is True
You have to chosse the correct one.These questions test the ability to link two diffrent statement.
Linked comprehension type.
The three questions that followed a small problem description had to be solved on the basis of the given information. It is basically similar long question asked earliar.Basically they have made it in objective pattern.
The student will need to read the paragraph and apply the knowlegde in the subject to solve the question
Matrix  match type.
These are column based question.You will need to read the item in column I and related it to the items in Column II.There may be two answer in Column II.
Questions in Physics come from all the modules.But there are some module which are easiar to attempt.
Topics which are scoring and should be cover first in Physics
Thermodynamics
Conduction and Convection of Heat
Hydrostatics and Bernoulli's Principle
Waves in Elastic Media
Interference Beats and Doppler's Effect
Electrostatics (full)
Electromagnetic Induction
Lorentz' Forces
Circuits with Capacitors
Modern Physics (full)
Collisions
Rotational Motion
Gravitation
Elasticity.
IITJEE 2008 Physics analysis
Mechanics
Error analysis:1 Straight objective type with One answer,
Gravitation:1 Straight objective type with One answer,2 Assertion Reason questions
Momentum:1 Straight objective type with One or more answer
Collision: Linked Comphrehension Type
Rotational Mechanics: 2 Assertion Reason questions
Fliud Mechanics:1 Assertion Reason questions
Electricty And Magnetism
Electricstatics:1 Linked Comphrehension Type
Magnetic Field:1 Straight objective type with One or more answer
Current Electricity:1 Straight objective type,1 Assertion Reason questions
Modern Physics
X rays:1 Straight objective type.
Binding Energy of Nuclie:2 Straight objective type with One or more answer
Bohr Model:1 Linked Comphrehension Type
Thermodyanamics And Properties of matter
Ideal gas laws:1 Straight objective type.
Properties of matter:1 Linked Comphrehension Type
Optics:1 Straight objective type with One answer,1 Straight objective type with One or more answer
IITJEE solutions for Physics Previous Papers
IITJEE 2008 Physics Part 1
IITJEE 2008 Physics Part 2
IITJEE 2007 Physics Part 1
IITJEE 2007 Physics Part 2
IITJEE 2006 Physics
IITJEE 2005 Physics
IITJEE 2004 Physics
IITJEE 2003 Physics
IITJEE 2002 Physics
IITJEE 2001 Physics
AIEEE solutions for Physics Previous paper
AIEEE 2008 Physics
AIEEE 2007 Physics
AIEEE 2006 Physics
AIEEE 2005 Physics
AIEEE 2004 Physics
AIEEE 2003 Physics
Problem Solving tips for IITJEE Mechanics
Vector Mathematics
You will come across vectors in physics problem very frequently.So it is must to know to solve the vector mathematics in short time.And Making sure you have done in correctly.You will find vectors in every module be it mechanics ,electrostatics,magentics
Addition or Substraction
When you need to add or substract two or more vectors, you can use following procedure
1. Select a coordinate system that is convenient. (Try to reduce the number of
components you need to find by choosing axes that line up with as many
vectors as possible.)
2. Draw a labeled sketch of the vectors described in the problem.
3. Find the x and y components of all vectors
4. Compute the resultants in x and y direction
5. If necessary, use the Pythagorean theorem to find the magnitude of the resultant vector and select a suitable trigonometric function to find the angle
that the resultant vector makes with the x axis.
Products
When u need to perform scalar or vector product.It is nice to following procedure
1. Select a coordinate system(x,y,z) that is convenient. (Try to reduce the number of
components you need to find by choosing axes that line up with as many
vectors as possible.).Use i,j,k as the unit vector across x,y,z axis.
2. Draw a labeled sketch of the vectors described in the problem.
3. Express all the vector in form in i,j,k forms
4. Perform the multipication
Motion in a Two dimensional Plane
 Select a coordinate system and resolve the initial velocity vector into x and y
components.
Find out acceleration in each direction and solve in each direction according to one rectilinear motion equation.
if the acceleration is in vertical direction only.Follow the techniques for solving constantvelocity problems to analyze the horizontal motion. Follow the techniques for solving constantacceleration problems to analyze the vertical motion. The x and y motions share the same time of flight t.
 There might be question about trajortory in the Problem ,find out the motion in x and y direction with respect to time from previous point.And then find the value of t from one equation and then put that value in another equation to find out the equation of trajactory
Motion in a Three dimensional Plane
 Select a coordinate system and resolve the initial velocity vector into x , y and z components
Find out acceleration in each direction and solve in each direction according to one rectilinear motion equation.
Uniform Circular Motion
Draw a simple, neat diagram of the system.
Firstly consider the origin of the forces acting on the each object.To do this find out the field forces acting on the each object.Wherever contact in available account the contact force carefully
Find out the force acting on the body.The resultant force should provide the required centrepatal required for Circular motion
Centrepatal force=mv^{2}/R will give the velotiy accordingly.
Newtons Law Problem
Draw a neat diagram of the system.
Firstly consider the origin of the forces acting on the each object.To do this find out the field forces acting on the each object.Wherever contact in available account the contact force carefully
Isolate the body whose motion is to be analyzed. Draw a freebody diagram for this body. For systems containing more than one objects, draw separate freebody diagrams for each objects This way there will not any confusion about the force acting on each object.Newtons Third law will help in obtaining the action reaction pair. Do not include in the freebody diagram forces exerted by the object on its surroundings. Establish convenient coordinate axes for each objects and find the components of the forces along these axes.
 Use pseudo force if viewing from the non intertial frame of refrence
Apply Newton's second law, F= ma, in component form.
Solve the component equations for the unknowns. Remember that you must have as many independent equations as you have unknowns to obtain acomplete solution.
Make sure your results are consistent with the freebody diagram.
 If the object are attached to each others by the strings,then make use of constraints theory to find out the acceleration equation between the objects
Work And Energy
 Choose your frame of refrence.KE will differ in each refrence frame while PE will remains constant
Define your system, which may include two or more interacting particles, as well as springs or other systems in which elastic potential energy can bestored. Choose the initial and final points.
Identify zero points for potential energy (both gravitational and spring). If there is more than one conservative force, write an expression for the potential energy associated with each force.
Determine whether any nonconservative forces are present. Remember that if friction or air resistance is present, mechanical energy is not conserved.
Determine whether any external forces are present. Remember that external forces are present, mechanical energy is not conserved.
If mechanical energy is conserved, you can write the total initial energy at some point E_{i}=PE_{i}+KE_{i}. Then, write an expression for the total final energy at the final point that is of interest E_{f}=PE_{f}+KE_{f}. Because mechanical
energy is conserved, you can equate the two total energies and solve for the quantity that is unknown.
If frictional forces are present (and thus mechanical energy is not conserved), first write expressions for the total initial and total final energies. In this case, the difference between the total final mechanical energy and the total initial mechanical energy equals the change in mechanical energy in the system
due to friction.
If external forces are present (and thus mechanical energy is not conserved), first write expressions for the total initial and total final energies. In this case, the difference between the total final mechanical energy and the total initial mechanical energy equals the change in mechanical energy in the system
due to external force.
If both external forces and frictional forces are present (and thus mechanical energy is not conserved), first write expressions for the total initial and total final energies. In this case, the difference between the total final mechanical energy and the total initial mechanical energy equals the change in mechanical energy in the system due to external force and friction
Momentum and Collisions
 Choose your frame of refrence
Set up a coordinate system and define your velocities with respect to that system.It is usually convenient to have the x axis coincide with one of the initial velocities.
In your sketch of the coordinate system, draw and label all velocity vectors and include all the given information.
Write expressions for the x and y components of the momentum of each object before and after the collision. Remember to include the appropriate signs for the components of the velocity vectors.
Write expressions for the total momentum in the x direction before and after
the collision and equate the two. Repeat this procedure for the total momentum
in the y direction. These steps follow from the fact that, because the momentum of the system is conserved in any collision(law on conservation of linear momentum), the total momentum along any direction must also be constant. Remember, it is the momentum of the system that is constant, not the momentan of the individual objects.
If the collision is inelastic, kinetic energy is not conserved, and additional information is probably required. If the collision is perfectly inelastic, the final velocities of the two objects are equal. Solve the momentum equations for the unknown quantities.
If the collision is elastic, kinetic energy is conserved, and you can equate the
total kinetic energy before the collision to the total kinetic energy after the
collision to get an additional relationship between the velocities.And you can solve the energy and momentum equation to find out the find velocities.
 Centre of mass can be useful feature in solving the momentum problems
Body in Static equilibrium
Draw a neat diagram of the system.
Firstly consider the origin of the forces acting on the each object.To do this find out the field forces acting on the each object.Wherever contact in available account the contact force carefully
Isolate the object being analyzed. Draw a freebody diagram and then show
and label all external forces acting on the object, indicating where those forces are applied.This way there will not any confusion about the force acting on each object.Newtons Third law will help in obtaining the action reaction pair. Do not include forces exerted by the object on its surroundings.(For systems that contain more than one object, draw a separate freebody diagram for each one.) Try to guess the correct direction for each force. If the direction you select leads to a negative force, do not be alarmed; this merely means that the direction of the force is the opposite of what you guessed.
Establish a convenient coordinate system for the object and find the components of the forces along the two axes. Then apply the first condition for equilibrium. Remember to keep track of the signs of all force components.
Choose a convenient axis for calculating the net torque on the object. Remember that the choice of origin for the torque equation is arbitrary; therefore, choose an origin that simplifies your calculation as much as possible.
Note that a force that acts along a line passing through the point chosen as
the origin gives zero contribution to the torque and thus can be ignored.
You will come across vectors in physics problem very frequently.So it is must to know to solve the vector mathematics in short time.And Making sure you have done in correctly.You will find vectors in every module be it mechanics ,electrostatics,magentics
Addition or Substraction
When you need to add or substract two or more vectors, you can use following procedure
1. Select a coordinate system that is convenient. (Try to reduce the number of
components you need to find by choosing axes that line up with as many
vectors as possible.)
2. Draw a labeled sketch of the vectors described in the problem.
3. Find the x and y components of all vectors
4. Compute the resultants in x and y direction
5. If necessary, use the Pythagorean theorem to find the magnitude of the resultant vector and select a suitable trigonometric function to find the angle
that the resultant vector makes with the x axis.
Products
When u need to perform scalar or vector product.It is nice to following procedure
1. Select a coordinate system(x,y,z) that is convenient. (Try to reduce the number of
components you need to find by choosing axes that line up with as many
vectors as possible.).Use i,j,k as the unit vector across x,y,z axis.
2. Draw a labeled sketch of the vectors described in the problem.
3. Express all the vector in form in i,j,k forms
4. Perform the multipication
Motion in a Two dimensional Plane
 Select a coordinate system and resolve the initial velocity vector into x and y
components.
Find out acceleration in each direction and solve in each direction according to one rectilinear motion equation.
if the acceleration is in vertical direction only.Follow the techniques for solving constantvelocity problems to analyze the horizontal motion. Follow the techniques for solving constantacceleration problems to analyze the vertical motion. The x and y motions share the same time of flight t.
 There might be question about trajortory in the Problem ,find out the motion in x and y direction with respect to time from previous point.And then find the value of t from one equation and then put that value in another equation to find out the equation of trajactory
Motion in a Three dimensional Plane
 Select a coordinate system and resolve the initial velocity vector into x , y and z components
Find out acceleration in each direction and solve in each direction according to one rectilinear motion equation.
Uniform Circular Motion
Draw a simple, neat diagram of the system.
Firstly consider the origin of the forces acting on the each object.To do this find out the field forces acting on the each object.Wherever contact in available account the contact force carefully
Find out the force acting on the body.The resultant force should provide the required centrepatal required for Circular motion
Centrepatal force=mv^{2}/R will give the velotiy accordingly.
Newtons Law Problem
Draw a neat diagram of the system.
Firstly consider the origin of the forces acting on the each object.To do this find out the field forces acting on the each object.Wherever contact in available account the contact force carefully
Isolate the body whose motion is to be analyzed. Draw a freebody diagram for this body. For systems containing more than one objects, draw separate freebody diagrams for each objects This way there will not any confusion about the force acting on each object.Newtons Third law will help in obtaining the action reaction pair. Do not include in the freebody diagram forces exerted by the object on its surroundings. Establish convenient coordinate axes for each objects and find the components of the forces along these axes.
 Use pseudo force if viewing from the non intertial frame of refrence
Apply Newton's second law, F= ma, in component form.
Solve the component equations for the unknowns. Remember that you must have as many independent equations as you have unknowns to obtain acomplete solution.
Make sure your results are consistent with the freebody diagram.
 If the object are attached to each others by the strings,then make use of constraints theory to find out the acceleration equation between the objects
Work And Energy
 Choose your frame of refrence.KE will differ in each refrence frame while PE will remains constant
Define your system, which may include two or more interacting particles, as well as springs or other systems in which elastic potential energy can bestored. Choose the initial and final points.
Identify zero points for potential energy (both gravitational and spring). If there is more than one conservative force, write an expression for the potential energy associated with each force.
Determine whether any nonconservative forces are present. Remember that if friction or air resistance is present, mechanical energy is not conserved.
Determine whether any external forces are present. Remember that external forces are present, mechanical energy is not conserved.
If mechanical energy is conserved, you can write the total initial energy at some point E_{i}=PE_{i}+KE_{i}. Then, write an expression for the total final energy at the final point that is of interest E_{f}=PE_{f}+KE_{f}. Because mechanical
energy is conserved, you can equate the two total energies and solve for the quantity that is unknown.
If frictional forces are present (and thus mechanical energy is not conserved), first write expressions for the total initial and total final energies. In this case, the difference between the total final mechanical energy and the total initial mechanical energy equals the change in mechanical energy in the system
due to friction.
If external forces are present (and thus mechanical energy is not conserved), first write expressions for the total initial and total final energies. In this case, the difference between the total final mechanical energy and the total initial mechanical energy equals the change in mechanical energy in the system
due to external force.
If both external forces and frictional forces are present (and thus mechanical energy is not conserved), first write expressions for the total initial and total final energies. In this case, the difference between the total final mechanical energy and the total initial mechanical energy equals the change in mechanical energy in the system due to external force and friction
Momentum and Collisions
 Choose your frame of refrence
Set up a coordinate system and define your velocities with respect to that system.It is usually convenient to have the x axis coincide with one of the initial velocities.
In your sketch of the coordinate system, draw and label all velocity vectors and include all the given information.
Write expressions for the x and y components of the momentum of each object before and after the collision. Remember to include the appropriate signs for the components of the velocity vectors.
Write expressions for the total momentum in the x direction before and after
the collision and equate the two. Repeat this procedure for the total momentum
in the y direction. These steps follow from the fact that, because the momentum of the system is conserved in any collision(law on conservation of linear momentum), the total momentum along any direction must also be constant. Remember, it is the momentum of the system that is constant, not the momentan of the individual objects.
If the collision is inelastic, kinetic energy is not conserved, and additional information is probably required. If the collision is perfectly inelastic, the final velocities of the two objects are equal. Solve the momentum equations for the unknown quantities.
If the collision is elastic, kinetic energy is conserved, and you can equate the
total kinetic energy before the collision to the total kinetic energy after the
collision to get an additional relationship between the velocities.And you can solve the energy and momentum equation to find out the find velocities.
 Centre of mass can be useful feature in solving the momentum problems
Body in Static equilibrium
Draw a neat diagram of the system.
Firstly consider the origin of the forces acting on the each object.To do this find out the field forces acting on the each object.Wherever contact in available account the contact force carefully
Isolate the object being analyzed. Draw a freebody diagram and then show
and label all external forces acting on the object, indicating where those forces are applied.This way there will not any confusion about the force acting on each object.Newtons Third law will help in obtaining the action reaction pair. Do not include forces exerted by the object on its surroundings.(For systems that contain more than one object, draw a separate freebody diagram for each one.) Try to guess the correct direction for each force. If the direction you select leads to a negative force, do not be alarmed; this merely means that the direction of the force is the opposite of what you guessed.
Establish a convenient coordinate system for the object and find the components of the forces along the two axes. Then apply the first condition for equilibrium. Remember to keep track of the signs of all force components.
Choose a convenient axis for calculating the net torque on the object. Remember that the choice of origin for the torque equation is arbitrary; therefore, choose an origin that simplifies your calculation as much as possible.
Note that a force that acts along a line passing through the point chosen as
the origin gives zero contribution to the torque and thus can be ignored.
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