Agenda :Summary of the basics of Optics
Reflection of light
-When light travelling in one medium is incident on a second medium some part of it is sent back to the first medium according to some definite laws and is said to be reflected.
-In practice mirrors are used to reflect light.
-The angle which the incident ray and the reflected ray make with normal to the surface are termed as Angles of incidence and of reflection respectively.
Laws of reflection:-
Law 1- The incident ray, the reflected ray and the normal to the surface , all lie in the same plane.
Law 2- The angle of incidence i is equal to the angle of reflection r.
Spherical Mirrors :-
Assuming that all the reflecting surfaces are portions of a sphere, if the inside surface reflects, the mirror is concave and if the outside surface which reflects, it is convex as shown below in the figure.
-Relation between focal length f and radius of curvature R of the mirror is
and both f and R are taken as positive for concave mirror and negative for convex mirror.
-Mirror formula is the relation between distance of the object (u), distance of the image (v) and the focal length (f) of the mirror and is,
-Mirror formula holds for a spherical mirror of small aperture only.
-The ratio of size of the image formed (by spherical mirror) to the size of the object is called magnification. Mathematically,
-Spherical abberation is the inability of a spherical mirror of large aperture to bring all the rays of wide beam of light falling
on it to focus at a single point.
More information will be given in subsequent post
Please let us know if you like this post and what can be done to improve on that
Class 9 physics notes on chapter motion is now available at the following link CLASS 9 MOTION NOTES (FULL LENGTH)
Question1: A charge Q is divided in two parts q and Q - q separated by a distance R. If force between the two charges is maximum, find the ...
Coherent sources are those sources of light which emit continous light waves of same wavelength , same frequency and are in same phase or h...
Our New Free physics ebooks (pdfs) are available at this link . Hope you lile them.
Unit I: Physical World and Measurement (Periods 10) Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and society...
ADVANTAGES The generation of A.C. is cheaper than that of D.C. A.C. machines are simple , robust and do mot require much attention for the...
Hi all here in this article i am giving some tips and tricks to solve problems in mechanics. To master problem solving skill you need to pra...
1.A particle moves in a straight line with retardation proportional to its displacement. Its loss of kinetic energy for any displacement x i...
Unit I: Electrostatics (Periods 25) Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law – force between two point charges, forces betwee...
Many times i have had users ask me a question which book to opt between H.C Verma Concepts of physics and NCERT physics books . My answer ...