Conceptual question for Newton's law

1. when a Force is exerted on a body ,it can change
(a) Direction of motion
(b) Momentum
(c) Kinetic energy
(d) All the above

2. there are two statements
A Rate of change of momentum correspondes to force
B Rate of change of momentum corresponds to Kinetic Energy
Which of the following is correct

(a) A only
(b) B only
(c) Both A and B are correct
(d) Both A and B are wrong

3. A truck and car are moving on a plane road with same kinetic Energy. They are brought to rest by application of brakes which provide equal retarding forces. Which of the following statements is true.

(a) Distance travelled by truck is shorter then car before comming to rest
(b) Distance travelled by car is shorter then truck before comming to rest
(c) Distance travelled depends on individual velocity of both the vehicles
(d) Both will travel same distance before comming to rest


4. A block A of mass m1 is released from top of smooth inclined plane and it slides down the plane. Another block of mass m2 such that m2 > m1 is dropped from the same point and falls vertically downwards. Which one of the following statements will be true if the friction offered by air is negligible?

(a) Both blocks will reach ground at same time
(b) Both blocks will reach ground with the same speed
(c) speed of both the blocks when they reach ground will depend on their masses
(d) Block A reaches ground brfore block B

5. Which of the following observer is/are non interial
a.A child revolving in the merry ground
b. A driver in a train moving with constant velocity v
c. A passenger in a bus which is slowing down to a stop
d None of these

6. there are two statements
A Newtons first law in valid from the pilot in an aircraft which is taking off
B Newtons first law in valid from the observer in a train moving with constant velocity
Which of the following is correct

(a) A only
(b) B only
(c) Both A and B are correct
(d) Both A and B are wrong


7.A IITJEE text book of mass M rests flat on a horizontal table of mass m placed on the ground.Let RX->Y be the constant force exerted by the body x on body Y.According to Newton third law,which of the following is an action-reaction pair of forces?

a. (M+m)g and Rtable->book
b. Rground->table and mg+Rbook->table
c. Rground->table and Rtable->ground
d Mg and Rtable->book

8. Choose the correct alternative
a. The acceleration of a moving particle is always in the direction of its velocity
b. Velocity and acceleraion vectors of a moving particle may have any angle between 0 and 360 between them
c.Velocity and acceleraion vectors of a moving particle may have any angle between 0 and 180 between them
d. If the acceleration vector is always perpendicular to the velocity vector of a moving particle,the velocity vector does not change


Solutions

Detailed Solutions
Ans 1:

A body acted uopn by a certain force produces acceleration i.e. it undergoes change in it's velocity. hence choice (d) is correct



Ans 4.

since velocity of block when it reaches the ground is given by v=(2gh)1/2 and it is independent of the mass the correct choice will be (b).


Ans 6

We know that Newtons law is invalid in Non interial frame of refrence, now since acceleration is present in Ist case..So answer is B

Ans 7.

Action reaction pair acts on diffrent body and always are in oppsite direction.We will have to draw free body diagram for each part in this case.

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