Biography of Albert Einstein

The German-born American physicist Albert Einstein (1879-1955) revolutionized the science of physics. He is best known for his theory of relativity.

-Born on on March 14, 1879, in Ulm
-Early Education in Munich
-He was unable to speak fluently at age 9
-Einstein mastered differential and integral calculus by age 16
-He passed his diploma examination at the FIT in 1900
-In 1902 he was engaged as a technical expert, third-class, in the patent office in Bern, Switzerland.
-He married Mileva Maric, a former classmate in Zurich. They had two sons.
-It was in Bern, too, that Einstein, at 26, completed the requirements for his doctoral degree and wrote the first of his revolutionary scientific papers.
-In 1913 the well-known scientists Max Planck and Walter Nernst traveled to Zurich to persuade Einstein to accept a lucrative research professorship at the University of Berlin, as well as full membership in the Prussian Academy of Science. He accepted their offer in 1914
-Einstein played a key role (1939) in mobilizing the resources necessary to construct the atomic bomb by signing a famous letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt which had been drafted by Leo Szilard and E.P. Wigner. When Einstein's famous equation E =mc2 was finally demonstrated in the most awesome and terrifying way by using the bomb to destroy Hiroshima in 1945, Einstein, the pacifist and humanitarian, was deeply shocked and distressed; for a long time he could only utter "Horrible, horrible."
-On April 18, 1955, Einstein died in Princeton.


Contributions to physics

-it began in 1905 with three major results
1.The explanation of Brownian motion in terms of molecules
2.The explanation of the photoelectric effect in terms of the quantum
3.The special theory of relativity that links time to space and energy to matter.

From 1907 to 1915 Einstein developed general relativity, a theory of gravity more accurate than Newton's; it became the basis of theoretical cosmology. In failed efforts in the 1930s to refute the interpretation of quantum theory in terms of probability, Einstein contributed to the theoretical basis for what is sometimes called teleportation of photons (which Einstein called "spooky action at a distance"). His last major effort was an attempt to unify electromagnetism and gravity into a single unified field theory, still an active problem of physics.

Quotes:

"Perfection of means and confusion of goals seem -- in my opinion -- to characterize our age."

"One must not attempt to justify them, but rather to sense their nature simply and clearly."

"In the middle of difficulty lies opportunity."

"And the high destiny of the individual is to serve rather than to rule, or to impose himself in any other way."

"It should be possible to explain the laws of physics to a barmaid."

"Education is the progressive realization of our ignorance."

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